Beatrix Potter was born (1866)
Helen Beatrix Potter was an English writer, illustrator, natural scientist and conservationist; she was best known for her children’s books featuring animals, such as The Tale of Peter Rabbit. Born into an upper-middle-class household, Potter was educated by governesses and grew up isolated from other children. She had numerous pets and spent holidays in Scotland and the Lake District, developing a love of landscape, flora and fauna, all of which she closely observed and painted.
Potter wrote thirty books, the best known being her twenty-three children’s tales. With the proceeds from the books and a legacy from an aunt, Potter bought a farm in 1905. Over the following decades, she purchased additional farms to preserve the unique hill country landscape. Potter was also a prize-winning breeder of Herdwick sheep and a prosperous farmer keenly interested in land preservation.